A brief biography and history of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad are provided below. Read about Indian freedom fighter Maulana Azad’s life.

A brief biography and history of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad are provided below. Read about Indian freedom fighter Maulana Azad’s life.

Biography of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born: November 11, 1888
Passed on: February 22, 1958 Honors: Begun a week after week diary Al Hilal to expand the progressive volunteers among the Muslims; elected as President of the Congress in 1923 and 1940; became the first education minister of independent India.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad Biography
Maulana Abul Kalam Azad
Born: November 11, 1888
Died: February 22, 1958
Achievements: Started a weekly journal Al Hilal to increase the revolutionary recruits amongst the Muslims; elected as Congress President in 1923 and 1940; became independent India’s first education minister.

Abul Kalam Ghulam Muhiyuddin was the real name of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was prevalently known as Maulana Azad. One of the most important figures in the Indian struggle for freedom was Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. He was also a well-known poet and scholar. Maulana Azad knew a lot of languages, including Hindi, Persian, Bengali, Arabic, English, and Urdu. As indicated by his name, Abul Kalam, which literally translates to “lord of dialogue,” Maulana Azad was an excellent debater. As a sign of his mental liberation from a narrow perspective on religion and life, he took on the pen name “Azad.” Maulana Azad became autonomous India’s most memorable schooling clergyman. In 1992, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad received India’s highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, in recognition of his significant contributions to the country.

On November 11, 1888, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born in Mecca. During Babar’s time, his ancestors came from Herat, an Afghan city. Azad was a descendent of a heredity of learned Muslim researchers, or maulanas. His Arab mother was the daughter of Sheikh Mohammad Zaher Watri, and his Bengali Muslim father, Maulana Khairuddin, was of Afghan descent. Khairuddin left India during the Sepoy Insurrection and continued to Mecca and settled there. In 1890, he returned to Calcutta with his family.

Azad was required to complete a traditional Islamic education due to his traditional family background. He received instruction at home from both his father and appointed specialists in their respective fields. Before moving on to philosophy, geometry, mathematics, and algebra, Azad first studied Persian and Arabic. He also self-studied English, world history, and politics.

Azad was educated and trained to become a priest. He composed many works, rethinking the Sacred Quran. He rejected Taqliq, or the tradition of conformity, and accepted the idea of Tajdid, or innovation, because of his knowledge. He became interested in Jamaluddin Afghani’s pan-Islamic teachings and Sir Syed Ahmed Khan’s Aligarh philosophy. He traveled to Afghanistan, Iraq, Egypt, Syria, and Turkey with a pan-Islamic spirit. He met the revolutionaries in exile fighting for a constitutional government in Iran in Iraq. He met Saeed Pasha, Shaikh Muhammad Abduh, and other Arab revolutionary activists in Egypt. He had firsthand experience with the ideals and spirit of the Constantinople Young Turks. He became a nationalist revolutionary as a result of all of these interactions.

Azad joined the revolutionary movement against British rule after meeting Aurobindo Ghosh and Sri Shyam Shundar Chakravarty upon his return from his trip abroad. Azad discovered that Bengal and Bihar were the only places where revolutionary activities took place. In something like two years, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, helped arrangement secret progressive communities all over north India and Bombay. The majority of his revolutionaries at that time were anti-Muslim because they believed that the British government was using the Muslim community to hinder India’s struggle for freedom. Maulana Abul Kalam Azad made an effort to persuade his coworkers to stop being hostile toward Muslims.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad started the weekly Urdu journal Al Hilal in 1912 to get more Muslims to join the revolution. In the wake of the animosity that developed between the Hindu and Muslim communities as a result of the Morley-Minto reforms, Al-Hilal played a significant role in fostering unity among the two groups. Al Hilal evolved into a revolutionary voice for extremist views. Al Hilal was viewed as a propagator of secessionist ideas by the government, so it outlawed it in 1914. After that, Maulana Azad started another weekly called Al-Balagh with the same goal of spreading revolutionary ideas based on Hindu-Muslim unity and Indian nationalism. This newspaper was also banned by the government in 1916, and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was kicked out of Calcutta and imprisoned in Ranchi until he was freed in 1920 following the First World War.

Through the Khilafat Movement, Azad woke up the Muslim community after his release. The movement’s objective was to restore the Khalifa as head of the British-controlled Turkey. Maulana Azad upheld Non-Collaboration Development began by Gandhiji and entered Indian Public Congress in 1920. He was chosen as the leader of the unique meeting of the Congress in Delhi (1923). During Gandhiji’s Salt Satyagraha in 1930, Maulana Azad was detained once more for breaking the salt laws. He was imprisoned for a year and a half in Meerut. Maulana Azad turned into the leader of Congress in 1940 (Ramgarh) and stayed in the post till 1946. He was a staunch opponent of partition and advocated for a confederation of autonomous provinces with shared economic and military resources but their own constitutions. His dream of a unified nation in which Hindus and Muslims could coexist and prosper together was shattered by Partition.

From 1947 to 1958, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was the Minister of Education in Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet. He passed away on February 22, 1958, from a stroke.

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