Shaheed Bhagat Singh’s brief biography and background are provided here.

Shaheed Bhagat Singh’s brief biography and background are provided here. Learn more about Bhagath Singh, an Indian patriot. Shaheed Bhagat Singh Biography Shaheed Bhagat Singh Born: Martyrdom on September 27, 1907: 23rd March 1931 Achievements: Established “Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha” with Chandrasekhar Azad to establish a republic in India, assassinated police official Saunders to avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s death, and dropped a bomb in the Central Legislative Assembly with Batukeshwar Dutt. Gave the revolutionary movement in India a new direction.

Shaheed Bhagat Singh Biography
Shaheed Bhagat Singh
Born: September 27, 1907
Martyrdom: March 23, 1931

One of the most prominent figures in the Indian freedom struggle was Bhagat Singh. He was a progressive in front of his times. He meant that there had to be a revolution because the current system, which is based on obvious injustice, had to change. Bhagat Singh was very interested in socialism after studying the European revolutionary movement. He realized that the socialist reconstruction of Indian society following the overthrow of British rule required workers to seize political power.

Sardar Bhagat Singh was critical of the individual terrorism that was prevalent among the revolutionary youth of his time and called for mass mobilization, despite being portrayed as a terrorist by the British. The revolutionary movement in India received a new direction from Bhagat Singh. Two things set him apart from his predecessors. First, he publicly declared his acceptance of atheism’s logic. Second, revolutionaries had no concept of post-independence society prior to that time. They didn’t want to come up with a political plan because their immediate objective was to destroy the British Empire. Bhagat Singh, due to his advantage in contemplating and his sharp feeling of history gave progressive development an objective past the disposal of the English. Bhagat Singh was different from other National Movement leaders because he had a clear vision and was determined to achieve his goals. For the youth, he became the only alternative to Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.

In the Nawanshahar district of Punjab, Bhagat Singh was born into a Sikh family in the village of Khatkar Kalan. In his honor, the district has been renamed Shaheed Bhagat Singh Nagar. He was Vidyavati and Sardar Kishan Singh’s third child. The Bhagat Singh family actively participated in the struggle for freedom. The Ghadr Party, which was founded in the United States to overthrow British rule in India, had Kishan Singh’s father and Ajit Singh’s uncle as members. Young Bhagat Singh’s mind was greatly influenced by his family, and he was raised to be a patriot.

While learning at the neighborhood D.A.V. School in Lahore, in 1916, youthful Bhagat Singh came into contact for certain notable political pioneers like Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose. In those days, Punjab was a political hotbed of controversy. In 1919, when Jalianwala Bagh slaughter occurred, Bhagat Singh was just 12 years of age. He was deeply disturbed by the massacre. Bhagat Singh went to Jalianwala Bagh the day after the massacre, collected soil there, and he kept it as a memento for the rest of his life. His resolve to drive the British out of India was strengthened by the massacre.

In 1921, Bhagat Singh left his school and actively participated in the movement in response to Mahatma Gandhi’s call for non-cooperation against British rule. Bhagat was greatly disappointed in 1922 when Mahatma Gandhi suspended the Non-cooperation movement against violence at Chauri-chaura in Gorakhpur. He lost faith in nonviolence, and he concluded that armed revolution was the only viable strategy for achieving freedom. To proceed with his examinations, Bhagat Singh enlisted in the Public School in Lahore, established by Lala Lajpat Rai. At this school, which was a focal point of progressive exercises, he came into contact with progressives like Bhagwati Charan, Sukhdev and others.

Bhagat Singh ran away from home and went to Kanpur in order to avoid getting married young. Here, he came into contact with a progressive named Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi, and took in his most memorable illustrations as progressive. Bhagat Singh went back to his house after learning that his grandmother was ill. From his village, he carried on his revolutionary activities. He went to Lahore and founded the “Naujavan Bharat Sabha,” a group of revolutionaries. In Punjab, he began disseminating the revolutionary message. In 1928 he went to a gathering of progressives in Delhi and came into contact with Chandrasekhar Azad. Hindustan Samajvadi Prajatantra Sangha was formed by the two of them. Its goal was to use an armed revolution to establish a republic in India.

A British group known as the Simon Commission visited India in February 1928. The visit was made to decide how much freedom and responsibility India’s people could have. However, the committee lacked an Indian member. Indians were enraged by this, and they decided to avoid Simon Commission. Lala Lajpat Rai was brutally Lathicharged while protesting against the Simon Commission in Lahore and later passed away from injuries. By shooting the British official who was responsible for Lajpat Rai’s death, Deputy Inspector General Scott, Bhagat Singh was determined to exact revenge. He mistook Assistant Superintendent Saunders for Scott and shot him down instead. Bhagat Singh needed to escape from Lahore to get away from death discipline.

The British government took more restrictive measures rather than identifying the root of Indians’ discontent. Under the Guard of India Act, it provided more capacity to the police to capture people to stop parades with dubious developments and activities. One vote prevented the Central Legislative Assembly from passing the Act. In the “interest of the public,” it was to be enacted as an ordinance even then. Bhagat Singh who was secluded from everything this while, elected to toss a bomb in the Focal Regulative Gathering where the gathering to pass the mandate was being held. It was a painstakingly spread out plot, not to cause demise or injury but rather to draw the consideration of the public authority, that the methods of its concealment could no more be endured. It was concluded that Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt would court capture in the wake of tossing the bomb.

While the Assembly was in session on April 8, 1929, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt detonated bombs in the Central Assembly Hall. The bombs didn’t hurt anybody. By refusing to flee the scene after the bombs were thrown, Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt knowingly sought arrest. Bhagat Singh refused to hire a defense attorney during his trial. He went on a hunger strike in jail to protest the cruel treatment of other political prisoners. A special court sentenced Bhagat Singh, Sukh Dev, and Raj Guru to death on October 7, 1930. Bhagat Singh and his associates were hanged early on March 23, 1931, despite intense public pressure and numerous appeals from Indian political leaders.

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